Multiple sclerosis seemingly comes out nowhere, but when it enters the lives of people, it affects them significantly. The condition causes the body’s immune system to attack its nerves, creating communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body. There is currently no cure for the condition, but doctors and scientists are working hard to find one. In the meantime, patients suffering from multiple sclerosis can use the following drugs such as Nuedexta and others to treat it.
Multiple sclerosis can commonly manifest in a form that causes a relapse of symptoms, and it is known as relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. The first line of defense against this kind that is recommended by doctors are disease-modifying drugs. These drugs are specifically designed to prevent the condition from flaring up and slow down the development of it. To do this, the immune system is affected in a way that stops it from attacking the myelin coating around the nerves.
Glatiramer acetate and Interferon beta-1b are drugs that actively work to combat flare-ups. For taking care of flare-ups and slowing the condition, medications like Interferon beta-1a, Teriflunomide, Fingolimod, Natalizumab, and Dimethyl fumarate are used, along with others. The safest drugs for treatment are Copaxone and the interferon-based medicines. Side effects come with these drugs, but most of them, like itching and redness, happen due to the injection that administers them. Flu symptoms can occur for a while, and the white blood cell count is lowered, so the chances of infection can increase.
Disease-modifying drugs like Teriflunomide, Dimethyl fumarate, and Fingolimod come in tablet form. Teriflunomide is taken daily to treat the drug, but it does come with the possible side effects of diarrhea, nausea, hair loss, and even birth defects and liver problems. Doctors tell pregnant women to avoid the drug at all costs and regularly test patients who take this medication to see if their liver is functioning correctly.
Gilenya is a tablet form of the Fingolimod drug that can also be taken once a day. Before prescribing patients the drug, doctors require that patients either have had chickenpox or a vaccination for the virus due to a clinical study involving a patient who was taking the medication and died from the illness. Typical side effects include coughing, headaches, back pain, diarrhea, and liver problems. Doctors will monitor the first dosage carefully because the drug can cause a slower heart rate.
A tablet form of Dimethyl fumarate is Tecfidera, and it is taken twice daily. The white blood cell count is also lowered with this drug, and stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can come as side effects. Stronger medications like Natalizumab can be used when the others don’t work, and even stronger than that is Mitoxantrone and Alemtuzumab, with the latter being chemotherapy drugs.
Doctors may give intravenous or oral steroid treatments when flare-ups prevent the ability of patients to perform daily activities. Plasma exchanges can also be done where blood is extracted, and plasma is separated from the blood cells. The plasma is then replaced and put into the body with the blood.
Certain medications such as Nuedexta can treat some of the specific symptoms that arise from multiple sclerosis. Though, side effects of Nuedexta may want to be considered. Antidepressants can be used for depression, muscle relaxants for spams and stiffness, oxybutynin is given for bladder problems, and for fatigue, modafinil, amantadine, or armodafinil.
There are many ways to treat multiple sclerosis, and ultimately the best one for a patient will depend on their symptoms and what the doctor recommends. It’s best to seek professional help and be aware of the side effects drugs may offer before taking them.